The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. The West End is the name given to the area of central London north from the Mall to Oxford Street. It includes Trafalgar Square, the main shopping areas of Oxford Street and Bond Street, and the entertainment centres of Soho, Piccadilly Circus, Leicester Square and Shaftsbury Avenue. Fine buildings, theatres, museums and big shops can be found in the West End. The best streets and parks of the capital are there too. The West End is associated with glamour and bright lights.
The West End – Вест-Энд
Trafalgar Square – Трафальгарская площадь
Oxford Street – Оксфорд-Стрит
Bond Street – Бонд-Стрит
Soho – Сохо (развлекательный центр)
Piccadilly Circus – цирк Пикадили
Leicester Square – Лестер-Сквер
Shaftsbury Avenue – Шафтсбери-Авеню
Trafalgar Square was built in the 19th century to commemorate the battle of Trafalgar. This is one of the nerve-centres of London. It was named Trafalgar Square to commemorate the historical naval victory won on the 21st of October 1805 by the British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson over the combined French-Spanish fleet commanded by Villeneuve. The battle took place at Cape Trafalgar in the mouth of the Straits of Gibraltar and lasted several hours. Nelson was fatally wounded by a shot which broke his backbone. He died on board his flagship the Victory, but not before being told that he had won the battle.
Nelson’s Column, with the statue of Admiral Lord Nelson on top, rises in the centre of Trafalgar Square. This most impressive monument is 170 feet (about 52 m) tall. The statue of Nelson itself placed facing towards the sea he loved, measures 17 feet (more than 5 m) in height.
The statue was made by a well-known English sculpture Edward Bailey. Round the base there are four bronze carvings representing scenes from famous naval battles. In 1867 four great lions were placed at the foot of the Nelson’s Column.
Quite often the square becomes the location for meetings and in it crowds of Londoners congregate to celebrate political rallies. So it can be said that Trafalgar Square is the heart from which the beat is emitted to all the Londoners.
There are many pigeons in the square and Londoners like to feed them. Everybody knows that the dove is the symbol of peace all over the world.
The Mall — Молл (улица в центральной части Лондона; ведет от Трафальгарской площади к Букингемскому дворцу)
Commemorate — чтить память, служить напоминанием
Nelson’s Column – колонна Нельсона
Carving – барельеф
Straits of Gibraltar — Гибралтарский пролив Congregate — собирать (ся), скопляться, сходиться
Rally — массовый митинг, слет
Emit — издавать (крик, звук)
Piccadilly Circus is the centre of night life in the West End. This is one of the most popular meeting points of London, probably second only to Trafalgar Square. It is actually quite small, and most people are rather disappointed when they see it for the first time because they had imagined it would be much bigger.
Piccadilly Circus is a dynamic and picturesque place with a happy and lively cosmopolitan atmosphere. There stroll people who come from the most far-flung countries in the world, of all races, dressed in their national clothes. Groups of people like to gather around the foot of the statue of Eros, the god of love, work of Sir Alfred Gilbert. They form a brightly colorful picture. Piccadilly Circus is a West End shopping centre. There are many shops with big advertisements, belonging to different foreign firms there.
Disappoint — разочаровывать
Far – flung countries — страны, расположенные далеко друг от друга (в разных концах света)
Eros – Эрос (разговорное название памятника известному филантропу графу Шафтсбери в центре Пиккадилли в Лондоне; установлен в 1893)
Behind an Augustan facade of London’s Piccadilly lays a treasure-house of beauty and colour. This is Burlington House — the home of the Royal Academy of Arts since 1869, whose exhibitions attract thousands of visitors every year.
The Royal Academy’s services to the arts began nearly 200 years ago. In 1768 a group of leading painters, sculptors and architects presented a memorial to King George II, seeking his interest in promoting an institution dedicated to encouraging art through a school of design and the holding of an annual exhibition of contemporary work.
The Academy’s prime purpose is teaching art to a number of Britain’s most talented students. About 100 students attend the Academy Schools and are trained in the Schools of Painting and Drawing, Sculpture and Architecture. They are selected by competitive examination from young men and women who have spent two or more years at London or provincial art schools.
The two principal public attractions of the Royal Academy are the famous series of Winter Exhibitions and the annual Summer Exhibition. From time to time the Academy also organizes special exhibitions in its smaller Diploma Gallery, which takes its name from the “diploma works” which every Royal Academician must present on election.
The Royal Academy – Королевская академия художеств.
Treasure-house — сокровищница
Royal Academician — академик, член Королевской Академии искусств
With its architecturally defined profile, this is one of London’s most popular historical buildings. Buckingham Palace was built in 1703 for the Duke of Buckingham. Later restored by Nash, the present facade was planned by Sir Aston Webb in 1913. At the west end of the Mall, Buckingham Palace is the London residence of the Sovereign. When the Queen is here, the royal standard flutters over the palace. The Royal Mews, in Buckingham Palace Road, house the coaches and horses used on all state occasions and are open to the public on Wednesday and Thursday.
The Queen’s Gallery, also in Buckingham Palace Road, has special exhibitions from the Royal collection and may be visited every day except Monday. In its entirety, the Palace and the beautiful gardens which surround it occupy an area of approximately 40 acres. Altogether this is one of the most interesting places in London for the tourist.
The ceremony of the Changing of the Guard that takes place at eleven o’clock in the morning and constitutes one of the pageants that is the main tourists’ attraction. Every day a large crowd of people gather to see this famous and traditional ceremony. It is an event that, in spite of its regularity, appears vested with that solemn classical ritual, of purely British favour, that confers on the protocol surrounding the monarchy of the United Kingdom an appearance which is nobly aristocratic, and yet lively and popular at the same time. It is something typically and intimately part of London’s character.
Buckingham Palace – Букингемский дворец
Duke — герцог (титул; высшая степень сословия пэров)
Nash — Нэш, английский архитектор (1752 – 1835)
Sovereign – монарх
Royal Mews — «Ройял мьюз», Королевские конюшни
Queen’s Gallery — картинная галерея королевы (со сменной экспозицией)
In its entirety — полностью, в целом
Pageant — пышное зрелище, пышная процессия
Appears vested with that solemn classical ritual — кажется обставленным торжественным классическим ритуалом
Flavour — вкус
Confer — даровать, присваивать
The Changing of the Guard – смена караула
London is a city in which green spaces abound. Hyde Park is one of the most popular and most frequented points in London. In one corner is located the old residence of the Duke of Wellington, Apsley House, now Wellington Museum. Along one side of Park runs Park Lane, by which one can arrive at Marble Arch, not far from where is Speaker's Corner, universally renowned as the place where numerous speakers propound the most extraordinary ideas in front of the most heterogeneous public. Hyde Park is the largest park in London: including the adjoining Kensington Gardens, the length and breadth of the Park extend over an area of 636 acres. Hyde Park has a large and most attractive lake called the Serpentine, whose area of 41 acres is used to swim in and to quietly row on in summer.
Another attraction of Hyde Park is the horse-riding lane known as Rotten Row, which is a mile and a half long. The large green expanse of Kensington Gardens with its many trees and flowers, its graceful Round Pond and the lovely statue of Peter Pan, work of Trampton, also constitutes a most attractive spectacle. Other well known and important parks are Regent's Park, Green Park, St. James’s Park and Kennington Park, all of which provide for the Londoners tranquil, relaxing spots in which to stroll or play. There are many swans in London parks and gardens and according to the tradition they are considered to be the property of the Royal family.
Hyde Park – Гайд -Парк
Abound — изобиловать
Apsley House — Эпсли-Хаус (дом-музей герцога Веллингтона)
Park Lane — Парк Лейн (улица в лондонском Уэст-Энде, известна фешенебельными гостиницами и особняками)
Universally renowned — всемирно известный
Propound — предлагать на обсуждение
Heterogeneous — разнородный
Rotten Row — Роттен-Роу (аллея для верховой езды в Гайд-Парке)
Peter Pan — Питер Пэн
Model: The papyrus was invented many centuries ago.
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|his new play||stage||last month|
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|new discoveries||study||every month|
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