The British Isles can be divided into two, not only because of its geography, but also because of its climate and agriculture. If you draw a line from about the Bristol Channel to the Wash, then to the South of this line there are mainly low lands and hills, and to the north there are higher lands and mountains. This includes the Welsh Mountains, the Highlands of north-west Scotland, and the Pennines, which is a range of mountains that runs north to south, and is known as the backbone of England. It is wetter in the north because of the higher land, and drier and sunnier in the south. This has an effect, on the agriculture, of course. To the north there are sheep and cows because the grass grows so well, and to the south there are arable farms growing crops and cereal.
The South West of England is famous for its beautiful countryside and dramatic coastline. One particular area of natural beauty is Dartmoor, which is inhabited by wild ponies. The countryside in the South East is more gentle, and there is a lot of fruit-growing. It is also the most heavily populated part of Britain. East Anglia is very flat, and is famous for its vast fields of weat and potatoes. The Midlands used to have a lot of heavy industry, but much of this has disappeared over recent years. Wales is characterised by its mountains in the north and its valleys in the south. In the North West of England there is the beautiful Lake District, and the cities of Liverpool and Manchester. The North East used to have a lot of mining and ship building, but not any more, unfortunately. Scotland is famous for its lakes, of course, known as locks. The moor and mountains are beautiful and empty. Ireland is famed for its rains and its rich green grass, its romance and its mists.